There is a difference and it is not just semantics. ALICE Training does not teach fighting skills. Competing recommendations do emphasize skills and techniques that would be considered “fighting”, such as gun take away, striking techniques, and pain compliance. “Fighting” skills take a lot of time and practice to become proficient and retain the skills. [...]
Although Armed Security perhaps would get help on scene quicker, there are no guarantees that they would be exactly where they could make a difference. With shots going off every four to fifteen seconds historically in Active Shooter events, occupants must know what to do to help them until law enforcement arrives.
Yes, there will be a time when centralized Command and Control will be lost. But in actuality, there always is anyway. During the initial attack. The attacker is in control. Proactive actions on behalf of potential victims will create chaos, however, the gunman will have to operate in chaos as well...making his job of hurting [...]
No. Confronting a violent intruder should never be required in any non law enforcement job description. How each staff member chooses to respond if directly confronted by a violent intruder is up to them.
The more a plan is practiced and stakeholders are trained on the plan, the more effectively they will be able to act during an emergency to lessen the impact on life. Exercises provide opportunities to practice with community partners (local emergency responders) as well as to identify gaps and weaknesses in the plan.
According to the 2014 NYPD report on active shooters, 98% were carried out by a single attacker. Any shooters outside the building will be contacted and neutralized by police much quicker than a threat inside a building.